research - Heritage
conservation - Environmental
and publications - Cultural
The rise and development of the Laboratory of
Geoarchaeology strictly happened in the frame of international
The members of the Laboratory are a
multidisciplinary group of specialists (natural scientists and
archaeologists) who, within perestroika, switched from their former
institutions to new patterns of cooperation in the frame of
international projects such as the European Commission CORDIS
[INCO-Copernicus, INTAS, FP7], INQUA, UNESCO, TACIS, PAGES, etc.
This international help allowed the coagulation of some researchers
into new structures such as NGO's or into new departments within the
framework of old structures. The latter is the case of the
"Laboratory of Geoarchaeology", born in the context of the
restructuring of the Academy of Sciences of Kazakhstan and of the
Ministry of Culture of Kazakhstan.
characterizes all the work of the Laboratory in the fields of
research, publications and conferences, and training.
Research represents for the Laboratory the most
important subject of international cooperation. Research fields are
pale-climate, paleoenvironment and pale-ecology and geoarchaeology.
Cooperation with international institutions and specialists
happened in the context of INTAS and other international funding
- 97-2220: “The formation process of the nomadic societies in Semirechie
during the Bronze and Early Iron epochs. Ecological and
archaeological investigations”. Coordinator: Henry-Paul Francfort
(CNRS); Principal Investigator: Renato Sala.
2000-0699: “Land use
and irrigation work in KZ in present and historical times:
geo-archaeological investigations”. Coordinator: Maurizio Forte
(CNR-ITABC); Principal Investigator: Renato Sala.
- 2001-01072: "Prospect for the development of natural-economic
resources in the Kazakh Priaralie".Coordinator: M.
MAIGNAN (Institute of Geostatistics, Lausanne); Team Leader: Kostantin Patchikin
Aral 00-1030 “CLIMAN” subcontracts to B.Aubekerov and K.Pachikin
for paleoecological reconstruction of the Barsakelmes peninsula
region with medieval monuments and irrigation fields.
- Sponsorship from
Mercedes-Kazakhstan: “Palinological study and dating of the
archaeological complex of Tamgaly”, with (1999). Coordinator:
Institute of Landscape Architecture, direction: M.Horikawa,
Project "Monitoring of vegetation change of Syr-Darya Delta and the
bottom-dried Aral Sea area using SPOT satellite data"
Team Leader: Kostantin
(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto, Japan; Project
“Historical Interactions between the Multi-cultural Societies and
the Natural Environment in a Semi-arid Region in Central
Eurasia”): Paleonvironmental reconstruction and
anthropogenic impacts in the Ili-Balkhash basin (2008-2012).
- Elaboration of the WH Tentative List of Kazakhstan, in
cooperation with NIPI PMK (1999)
- Land and aerial survey and photo-documentation of the
cultural properties of Tamgaly, Turkestan, Otrar, Sauran
(Kazakhstan) for their nomination in the UNESCO-WHL
- CARAD, Central Asia Rock Art Database. Coordinator: Alexey
- UNESCO-Kyrgyzstan: Aerial survey and documentation of the
medieval towns of the Chu valley (Kyrgyzstan) for protection and
conservation measures (2005)
- ACTED-UNESCO (Project “Cultural and Eco-tourism in the
Mountainous Regions of Central Asia and in the Himalaya”): Land
survey and documentation of the monuments and cultural landscape of
Eastern Pamirs (Tajikistan) for protection and conservation measures
http://www.unesco.kz/; http://www.natcom.unesco.kz/; http://whc.unesco.org/en/statesparties/kz
- In cooperation with the
cultural center of the Embassy of India in Kazakhstan
(P.Stobdan), project of "Documentation and protection of the
Buddhist petroglyph site of Tamgalytas" (2002).
- In cooperation with
ICOMOS-Heritage at risk (M.Petzet), publication of a report
concerning the site of Tamgalytas: Deom J.-M. 2005. 'The petroglyphs
site of Tamgaly-Tas', in (ed. M.Truscott, M.Petzet and
J.Ziesemer), Heritage at risk. Patrimoine en
Peril. Icomos World report 2004-2005 on monuments and sites in
danger, Munchen, Icomos-K.G.saur, p.157-160.
(LAG-I-00-99-00014-00) "Biodiversity Assessment for Kazakhstan" 2000-2002 (Team leader:
World Bank and GEF “Kazakhstan Drylands Management Project”
2004-2006 (Team leader: K.Pachikin)
Bank and GEF “The Central Asia
Biodiversity Project, assessment of biodiversity in the Western Tien
Shan territory (Besh-Aral and Sary-Chelek in KG, Aksu-Dzhabagly in
KZ and Chatkal in UZ) 2001-2006 (Team leader: K.Pachikin)
Delegation of the European Commission in KZ,KG,TJ, consultation
for the building of the Tacis project "Integrated management in
Ili-Balkhash Basin" 2005-2007.
Publications in cooperation with international
colleagues and on international magazines mainly happen as a
diffusion of data collected and elaborated in the context of
international research projects, but also as proceedings of
conferences, exhibitions, other media. Exemplary international
conferences followed by publications are the following ones.
- PAGES meeting on High Latitude Paleoenvironments,
16-17 May 2002, Moscow. Published paper: Aubekerov B, Sala R, Nigmatova S (2003) Changes of Atmospheric Circulation,
Paleoclimate and Paleogeography in the Tienshan-Balkhash
System. In: PAGES news vol 11
- CIWEM, Second National Conference on
water and environmental management, Wakefield UK, 12 September
paper: Clarke D.,
Sala R. 2004. '1300 years of Development of Irrigation at the Otrar
Oasis, Kazakhstan' in CIWEM Proc 2nd National Conference,
Wakefield, 1, p.291-300.
21st ICID European Regional Conference, Special Session on
History, May 16th, 2005, Frankfurt/Oder (Germany). Published
paper: Clarke, D.,
Sala, R., Deom, J., Meseth, E. 2005. 'Reconstructing
irrigation at the Otrar Oasis, Kazakhstan 800-1700 AD' in
C.Oligh (ed.), Integrated Land and Water Resources Management in
History, Schriften der DWhG, Sonderband 2, Siegburg, 2005,
- EPHE (France), Xinjiang University (China),
University of Teheran (Iran), WATARID: 1st International conference
on water, ecosystems and sustainable development in arid and
semiarid zones”, Urumchi 9-15 October 2006. Published paper (electronic format): Sala
R., Deom J.M., The 261 Karez of the Sauran
- RHIN (Research
Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto), International workshop
“Reconceptualizing Cultural and Environmental change in
Central Asia. An historical perspective on the future”,
29 January-05 February 2009, Kyoto
Aubekerov B.Z., Nigmatova S.A., Sala
R., Deom J.M., Endo K. and Haraguchi T. Complex Analysis of the
Development of Lake Balkhash During The Last 2000 Years
R. The medieval urbanization of Semirechie
Aubekerov B., Nigmatova S.,
Sala R., Prehistorical and historical stages of development of the
Deom J.-M., Sala R., Aubekerov B., Nigmatova S.,
Land and water use in the Ili-Balkhash basin from Paleolithic to
Funakawa, A. Kadono, K. Morioka, K. Pachikin and G. Wang,
Distribution Patterns of Soils and Vegetation in the Foothills of
the Tienshan and Altai Mountains in Central Eurasia
Second International Workshop “Toward a
Sustainable Society in Central Asia: An Historical Perspective on
the Future” was held in Almaty, 9-10 January 2012. Published
B.et alt. Ecological change in the Balkhash Region during the Last
Endo K. et alt.
Level Change and Environmental Evolution during the Last 8000 Years
Mainly based on Balkhash Lake Cores in Kazakhstan, Central Eurasia
Deom J.-M., Aubekerov B., Sala R., Nigmatova
S. Quaternary Evolution of the Human Habitats in the Ili-Balkhash
Region from Paleolithic to Modern Times
R. Medieval urbanization of Middle-Low Syrdarya and Northern
Tienshan: Structure, Development and Environmental Impact
- IWA Speciality Conference, Water and
Wastewater Technologies in Ancient Civilizations, 28-30 May 2009,
Presented papers (In print):
Deom, J.M. “The
karez of the Sauran region”.
- UNESCO, Almaty cluster office and Delegation of the
European Commission in KZ,KG,TJ (2004), sponsors of the exhibition
"Petroglyphs of South Kazakshtan".
- SOROS Foundation-Kazakhstan (2005), sponsor
of the publication of the book: R.Sala, Deom, J. (2005) Petroglyphs of South Kazakhstan. Almaty, 150 p.
- Delegation of the European Commission in KZ,KG,TJ
(2007), sponsor of the publication of the calendar "The Silk Road
from the sky. Central Asia without borders. A calendar guide for
2007" (The proceeds of
the sale of this calendar will go to a local children's charity in
Training of young specialists is a major
concern among the activities of the Laboratory and is open to
national and international participants. It consists of PhD research
and summer training camps for the study of arid zones in the fields
of: geology and climatic change; paleo-ecology and surface and
underground water use; methods of survey, archaeological study and
protection of cultural monuments.
provides information about the
summer training camps for archaeological volunteers from around the
world, which the Laboratory runs every year.
Thematic compilations for didactic purposes on
geo-archaeology in arid zones are provided in Russian and English
(see the section